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Ilocanos can’t lead nor set the agenda if they’re just followers

Following is the draft of a bill that would help put the City of Batac and the Province of Ilocos Norte on the international map as the leader in tapping an agricultural wonder namely, soybean, to improve the livelihood of a whole nation. If passed, it will usher in a new era of opportunities first, for students coming from the area and second, for students coming from all over the world. And yet another salutary effect would be increased employment on top of the overall and intended purpose of improving the nutrition requirements of our young to equip them to absorb a better education and, ultimately alleviate the general economy. This is an opportunity to lead.

We’re hoping the Honorable Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos, Jr. and the Honorable Congresswoman Imelda Romualdez Marcos, both of the Province of Ilocos Norte, would sponsor the proposed bill in Congress and gather support for its ultimate approval. It will benefit an entire country. And we would like the educational leadership behind this proposed Act to come from the doors of the hallowed institution pictured below:

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FIFTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE               )
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES             )
First Regular Session                                  )

SENATE

S. No. ___________

_____________________________________________________________________

Introduced by Senator Ferdinand R. Marcos, Jr.

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

The future lies in the hands of today’s children. To ready them for their role as our future leaders, they must have quality nutrition to give them a good start in developing their skills and potentials during their tender years. Adequate and quality nutrition is integral to a child’s total development.

However, the high child malnutrition rate in the country is taking a toll especially among the underprivileged majority.

Food is the most basic of all necessities that, unfortunately, cannot be adequately provided by all parents to their children all the time. Regular meals have become a privilege to most.

Even the grandest and well-meaning reforms in education hardly matter on children going to school on an empty stomach. In “Efficient Learning for the Poor” by Helen Abadzi, the author asserts:

“Malnutrition and ill health may significantly damage the cognitive processing ability of poor students. Students whose processing capacity is affected by ill health and malnutrition may require more hours of instruction to learn various skills. Early childhood education, along with health and micronutrient supplementation for school children, may prove critical in achieving Education For All (EFA) in low-income countries or areas. These very effective interventions require close and sustained collaboration between ministries of education and health. Means must be found to facilitate their execution.

“Students in low-income countries seem very small for their age. They also tend to be quiet and well behaved. While such classrooms may appear to be conveniently manageable, all is not well with many of these children.

“To function, neurons require energy that is obtained when the body metabolizes glucose and delivers it through the blood to the neurons along with oxygen. The various stages of the glucose-to-energy conversion require oxygen, vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients. Nerve cells are partly made of essential fatty acids that are obtained from food, so these substances are essential for brain development and learning. Not surprisingly, well-fed and healthy nerves are required for efficient brain function and learning. This is why early nutritional and health interventions are needed for the poor. As the Education For All initiative brings to school the most vulnerable populations, the chances increase that some students will have neurological damage that affects information processing capacity. Some types of damage can be mitigated and others cannot. Some have larger effects than others, but multiple sources of damage make cognitive deficits add up…”

Afghanistan, beset with widespread malnutrition and health related issues among its population, notably with women of childbearing age and their young, recognized the problem and its government decided to partner with some benefactors to resolve the problem. Early last year, The United States Department of Agriculture, and various organizations such as the American Soybean Association (ASA) who are involved in the promotion of soy decided to come together to implement a project worth $26 million dollars in Afghanistan. The project aims to fight malnutrition and help rebuild Afghanistan’s food industry. ASA Board member Scott Fritz, a soybean producer from Winamac, Indiana, says in a press release: “We are excited to help Afghan farmers rebuild their infrastructure while we make healthy food available to their fellow citizens and to build a market for soy. Diets will improve and soy consumption will increase as Afghan agriculture and the local economy develops. When this happens, everybody wins.” A similar scenario could be had in the Philippines with the approval of this bill.

Considered in some places as the miracle plant, soybean has many uses including:

For human consumption: alimentary pastes, baby food, batters and breading, baking applications, baked soybeans, bakery ingredients, bakery products, beer and ale, beverage powders, bread and rolls, breakfast cereals, cakes and cake mixes, cereals, cheeses, coffee creamers, coffee whiteners, cookies, cooking oils, desserts, doughnuts, emulsifying agents, filled milks, food drinks, frozen dairy desserts, full fat soy flour (bread, candy, doughnut mix, frozen dessert, instant milk drinks, low-cost gruels, pancake flour, pan grease extender, pie crust, sweet goods), gravies, grits, high fiber breads, hypo allergenic milk, infant formulas, margarine, mayonnaise, nutritional uses (dietary and medical), noodles, chemical foods, pancakes, pastries, pasta products, pharmaceuticals, prepared mixes, roasted soybeans, salad dressings, salad oils, sandwich spreads, sauces, sausage casings, shortenings, snack foods, soups, soy flour concentrates, soy sprouts, sweet rolls, traditional soyfoods (miso, soymilk, soy sauce, tofu and tempeh) whipped toppings, whole muscle meals.

For animal consumption: aquaculture, bee foods, calf milk replacers, cattle feeds, dairy feeds, fish food, fox and mink feeds, pet foods, poultry feeds, protein concentrates, soybean meal, stock feeds, swine feeds, milk replacers for young animals.

Industrial uses: adhesive, agricultural adjuvants, all-purpose lubricants, alternative fuels, analytical reagents, animal care products, antibiotics, anti-corrosion agents, anti-foam agents (alcohol, yeast), anti-spattering agents (margarine), anti-static agents, asphalt emulsions, auto care products, bar chain oils, binders, biodiesel fuel, building products, candies, carpet backing, caulking compounds, core oils, cleaning products, cleansing materials, composites, concrete supplies, crayons, dielectric fluids, diesel additives, disinfectants, dispersing agents (paint, inks, insecticides, rubber), dust suppressants, dust control agents, electrical insulation, engine oils, epoxies, fermentation aids/nutrients, filter material, films for packaging, fuel additives, fuel oil emulsifiers, fungicides, furniture care products, hair care products, hand cleaners, home and lawn products, hydraulic fluids, industrial cleaners, industrial lubricants, industrial solvents, industrial proteins, insulation, leather substitutes, linoleum backing, lubricants, metal-casting/working, metalworking fluids, odor reduction, oiled fabrics, paper coating, paint strippers, paints—water based, particle boards, personal care products, pesticides, pesticides/fungicides, pharmaceuticals, plastics, plasticizers, polyesters, printing inks, printing supplies, protective coatings, putty, resins, saw guide oils, soap/shampoo/detergents, solvents, stabilizing agents, textiles, textile fibers, two-cycle engine oils, varnishes, vinyl plastics, wallboard waterproof cement, waxes, wetting agents.

Natural fertilizer: Soybean also improves soil fertility by adding nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil. The plants themselves, usually after harvest, may be tilled back into the soil as fertilizer.

The milk from soybeans alone is so simple to process for the ordinary homemaker: it involves basically roasting the beans, grinding it into powder, mixing it with water and squeezing the milk. Unlike cow milk where one has to invest in a cow, feed it and take care of it, wait years for it to mature before it yields milk, the soybean plant matures in a few months and soymilk can be extracted from the beans right away.

With the variety of soybean products and uses, opportunities become available to the creative and entrepreneurial Filipinos to find their product niche and create employment in the process.

It is especially encouraging to note that in his first press conference following his proclamation as President on June 9, 2010, President Benigno Aquino III had the following exchange with one reporter, placing ‘growing the agricultural sector’, among other things, to address the issue of freedom from hunger as a matter of high priority:

Reporter: Do I/you expect more food on the table of the poor of the nation and how long or how short will your vision be?

Pres. Aquino: ‘Yong more food, yes. ‘Yong conditional cash transfers that will be devoid of politics is high on the priority list. ‘Yong growing the agricultural sector, enabling them to market their produce most effectively, not just the growing, not just the production side, turning them to higher value crops, irrigation, etc., TESDA working closer with the DepEd… —all of these… designed ultimately to answer the problem of freedom from hunger which is the first necessary freedom.

Therefore, passage of this Bill is urged to address a host of the nation’s top priorities namely, eradicate widespread malnutrition, make effective educational reforms happen among a healthy and responsive student populace, and ultimately improve the socio-economic well-being of Filipinos.

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FIFTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE               )
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES             )
First Regular Session                                  )

SENATE

S. No. ___________

_____________________________________________________________________

Introduced by Senator Ferdinand R. Marcos, Jr.

_____________________________________________________________________

 AN ACT


TO CREATE THE PHILIPPINE SOYBEAN AUTHORITY TO PROMOTE THE CULTIVATION, PRODUCTION, PROCESSING, MARKETING AND DISTRIBUTION OF SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX) AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTS, PROVIDING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:

SECTION 1. Title. This Act shall be known as the “Philippine Soybean Authority Act of 2011.”

SEC. 2. Declaration of Policy. It is the declared policy of the State to accelerate the growth and development of the rural areas, address the nutritional and health needs of our people, and improve investment climate, competencies and efficiency of agribusiness by promoting soybean farming as a source of livelihood, a means of attaining food security, and as an effective approach to poverty alleviation and a sustainable course toward freedom from hunger.  Toward this end, the Philippine Soybean Authority shall engage in an all-out promotion of both the small-scale and commercial cultivation of soybean in suitable areas of the country and provide the leadership in harnessing the technology in cultivating soybean, and the efficient processing, marketing, and distribution of soybean products.

SEC. 3. Philippine Soybean Authority. The Philippine Soybean Authority, hereinafter referred to as PHILSOYA, is hereby created under the Department of Agriculture: PROVIDED that PhilSoyA shall be centrally administered through the Mariano Marcos State University situated in the City of Batac, Province of Ilocos Norte, to take full advantage of the University’s existing complementary colleges and its Research and Development and Extension (RDE) services and facilities. The university’s RDE services and facilities shall be further expanded nationally as needed to support this Act.

SEC. 4. Soybean Framework for Development. The Philippine Soybean Authority, in consultation with the Department of Agriculture, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Science and Technology, and farmer’s groups and/or cooperatives, local government units, and the private sector, shall formulate a Soybean Framework for Development which shall be validated and updated annually. This Framework shall serve as guide to the formulation and implementation of plans, programs and projects for the cultivation, research on suitable soybean cultivars and on the control of soybean diseases or pests, soybean product development, marketing, processing and distribution of soybean for food, medicinal uses, health improvement and various other uses. The Framework shall likewise provide for the following:

  1.  The Philippine Soybean Authority, in consultation with the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Trade and Industry, shall link up agribusiness cooperatives directly with consumer cooperatives;
  2. To ensure health and proper trading, the Philippine Soybean Authority shall establish and enforce standards in grading, sampling and inspection, tests and analysis, specifications, nomenclature, units of measurement, code of practice and. packaging, preservation, conservation and distribution of soybean products;
  3.  Technical support on research and extension, infrastructure development, financial and market information, including but not limited to micro-financing arrangements for small-scale soybean farmers, shall be provided by the Philippine Soybean Authority in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Science and Technology especially its Food and Nutrition programs and projects, Cooperative Development Authority, and other relevant government agencies;
  4. Access to post-harvest facilities, storage and distribution/transport facilities of existing government agencies shall be facilitated. Assistance shall be given to qualified and viable soybean farmers/growers cooperatives in making soft loans or grants available for the construction of soybean post-harvest processing and storage facilities;
  5.  The Philippine Soybean Authority, in coordination with the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Trade and Industry, and farmers organizations shall make viable soybean seeds and relevant propagation, harvesting, processing, storage, marketing and soybean-use information materials readily available to farmers/farmers’ cooperatives; and
  6. The Philippine Soybean Authority, in coordination with the Department of Agriculture shall establish soybean information/extension centers in areas identified pursuant to Section 3 of this Act.

SEC. 5. Site Identification. The Philippine Soybean Authority, in coordination with the Department of Agriculture, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and the municipal governments concerned, shall identify the broad areas suitable for the planting and propagation of soybeans, within six (6) months after the effectivity of this Act: Provided, That such site identification shall be reviewed at appropriate intervals to ensure consistency with the agrarian reform program and the national land use policy.

SEC. 6. Soybean Development Fund (SDF). To provide for the funding requirements for the cultivation, production, marketing, and processing of soybean, there is hereby created a Soybean Development Fund (SDF), with an initial amount of five hundred million pesos (P500,000,000.00) to be taken from the existing budget of the Department of Agriculture as initial funding for the Philippine Soybean Authority. Thereafter, the SDF shall be sourced from the amounts to be appropriated in the General Appropriations Act in the year following its enactment into law. Other sources of funds, including but not limited to borrowings, donations, or grants from local and international institutions, shall also be considered to further support the Fund.

SEC. 7. PHILSOYA Inter-Agency Committee. The PhilSoya Inter-Agency Committee which shall be under the Secretary of Agriculture shall be composed of a representative each from the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Agrarian Reform, the Department of Finance, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the Land Bank of the Philippines, the Development Bank of the Philippines, the Cooperative Development Authority, the Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Trade and Industry, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and the Department of the Interior and Local Government and one (1) representative each from the small farmers and commercial producers sectors to be designated by the Secretary of Agriculture. The PhilSoya Inter-Agency Committee shall formulate and prescribe, in accordance with established laws and procedures, the implementing rules and regulations in order to carry out the provisions of this Act. The incumbent President of the Mariano Marcos State University and the representative from the Department of Agriculture shall be the chairman and the vice-chairman, respectively, of the Committee. The representatives from the government agencies must have a rank of at least Assistant Secretary.

SEC. 8. Report to Congress. The Secretary of the Department of Agriculture, in consultation with the President of the Mariano Marcos State University, shall report to both Houses of Congress on the status of the implementation of this Act bi-annually.

SEC. 9. Repealing Clause. All laws or parts thereof, decrees, orders, rules and regulations inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly: Provided, however, That nothing in this Act shall be construed or applied as amending the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (CARL) and other laws on agrarian reform.

SEC. 10. Separability Clause. If any of the provisions of this Act is declared invalid, the other provisions not affected thereby shall remain in full force and effect.

SEC. 11. Effectivity Clause. This Act shall take effect immediately following its publication in a newspaper of general circulation or in the Official Gazette, whichever comes first.

Approved,

April 20, 2011 Posted by | Congresswoman Imelda R. Marcos, proposed legislation, Senator Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. | | Leave a comment

Ania ti tradisional a sarita? Ti saan a tradisional?

[No tacawem met laeng, icagumaanam a pilien tay napintas a tacawen. Isut’ gapuna nga horas a nasirigco daytoy salaysay ni Roy, apagcanito laeng a naripiripco nga agar-aruyot iti cayatna a sawen… JP]
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Salaysay ni Roy Vadil Aragon, Martes, 19 Abril 2011

rva

(Papel iti literary session iti Ababa a Sarita kabayatan ti Dap-ayan 2011, Maika-43 a Nailian a Kombension ti GUMIL Filipinas iti Ponce del Mar Beach Resort, Pug-os, Cabugao, Ilocos Sur idi 15-17 Abril 2011)


ADDA kadi met, aya, masasao a tradisional ken saan a tradisional nga ababa a sarita, wenno, fiksion, iti Literatura nga Ilokano?

Ket adda, a, ania pay. Ngem iti no kua ket agduduma a panangkita, pannakabigbig, wenno panangipapan.

Naynay nga iti biangtayo nga Ilokano writers ken readers, masansan a kunatayo a “tradisional” ti maysa a sarita nga Ilokano a mabasatayo iti Bannawag man wenno libro, no ‘tay gagangay laeng daytoy a sarita, saan a nauneg, saan a palpalikaw, saan nga agpilpilosopia (wenno agpilpilosopo). Iti ababa a pannao, ‘tay makuna a light, ‘tay entertaining. ‘Tay ngay makaliwliwa, makalinglingay iti panagbasa, iti reading pleasure, kadagiti oras ti panagpalpaldag wenno panagpalpalpa iti nalamiis a sirok ti algarruba iti paraangan no kasta a leppas-pangngaldaw.

Ket kunaentayo met saan-a-tradisional wenno non-traditional ti maysa a sarita no daytay ditayo maaw-awatan wenno pagkuretretennat’ mugingtayo nga agingga a ditay’ payen kayat nga ituloy a basaen ta saantay’ metten a ma-entertain wenno malinglingay no di ket maulaw metten ket maawan ti ganastayon nga agbasa.

Ituloy a basaen ‘diay FaceBook ni RVA.

April 19, 2011 Posted by | Bannawag, GUMIL, Ilocano literature, Iloco short story | , , | Leave a comment

   

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